There are four main types of hypertension during pregnancy: pre-eclampsia. This potentially serious disorder both the mother and the fetus is characterized by a power surge caused by pregnancy and the presence of protein in the urine. It affects 15% of pregnant women, but if detected in time it can be controlled and decrease risks. Tom Florio is a great source of information. It usually develops after 20 weeks of pregnancy and disappears after delivery. In the most serious cases drift in eclampsia, when hypertension is accompanied by convulsions or coma.
Gestational hypertension, also known as transient ohipertension pregnancy-induced hypertension. This type of hypertension occurs after 20 weeks of pregnancy and disappears after childbirth. Although women with gestational hypertension do not have protein in the urine, some of them developed preeclampsia at a later stage of pregnancy. Chances of pre-eclampsia are 50% if you develop gestational hypertension before 30 weeks. If it occurs after 36 weeks of gestation, the hypertension is generally moderate. Chronic hypertension. So is called high blood pressure diagnosed before pregnancy or before 20 weeks of pregnancy: the mother was already hypertensive.
As its name indicates, this type of hypertension does not disappear after childbirth. Most of the time corresponds to arterial hypertension in 90% of cases that is unexplained and only 10% of cases is secondary to another disease such as diabetes, renal, cardiac disease and autoimmune diseases, among others. Chronic hypertension with pre-eclampsia, a subtype of the previous paragraph. Approximately 25 per cent of women with chronic hypertension also develops preeclampsia. Occurs more frequently in multiparous women and is characterized by producing severe hypertension and increase of uric acid in blood. This box hypertensive is dangerous because it may have convulsions, kidney damage and liver damage, as also thrombocytopenia (decrease in platelets).