What to say of Franz. the Mesmer, that although diverse cures duly registered, folloied and proven for doctors of time, reached by means of the use of the animal magnetic fluid, was accused with quack and had its theories refused for the Real Society of Medicine of Paris. The accusations and the commentaries little based on the Esprita Doctrine on the current days are not uncommon. Popularly also we hear many times commentaries as: . The espiritismo is thing of the devil; . The communication with deceased is sin; .
Exactly that a spirit appears for me I I do not go to believe that it is, therefore is the devil acting; . Esprita does not believe God, much less in Jesus Christ; . Esprita not however; . Esprita makes ' ' macumba' ' , it sacrifices animals, it has rituals; . Very well-taken care of therefore if you to enter in this ' ' coisa' ' of the espiritismo, it does not go to be able to leave more; . The espritas lunatic, wild and are unbalanced; etc. Where they are the argument based on all? For reflection ends I appeal again to Codificar, that says in them that: ' ' If it only can consider as serious critic that one that all visa had, everything studied, with the patience and the perseverance of a concientious observer; that he knew on this subject in such a way how much the most clarified adept; that he had not extracted its knowledge of the romances of sciences; to who no fact of its unfamiliarity could not oppose, no argument that it had not meditado; that it refuted, not for negations, but by means of other more fixed arguments; that it could, at last, attribute to a more logical cause to the facts averiguados.' ' (Esprita Magazine, 1860, P. 271)
The navigation in the river became dificultosa from the waterfalls that started to empear the river, of Alcobaa for top, and is called: 1 Tapaiunacura: 2 Guariba: 3 Life the perpetual a 4 Tucumanduba: 5 Uerapepoaquima: 6 Cunau: 7 Pitaoca: 8 Chiqueiro: 9 Hell: 10 Puncture of the Itaboca or Arrependido: 11 Tortinho: 12, Jose Correa: 13 Great Waterfall: 14 Apinag: 15 Cajueiro a16 Capelinha: 17 Valentim: 18 Mandupixuna: l9 Puraquecuara: 20 High Beach: 21 Big hole of the Tauiri: 22 Dry Great: 23 Defuntinha: 24 Tauirizinho: 25 Mother Maria: 26 Broken Mountain range: 27 Dry of the Curu: which is the common limit of Par and Gois. Being the most difficult waterfall of the Hell and the puncture of the Itaboca. The rapids enters them rock pillars forced to the canoeiros to search the edges in accordance with to push and to pull the canoe with pitchforks, calls of oxen, being the exerted work the position of the member of the crew gained with the service time: pilot, proeiro, against-proeiro and remeiro. To each vanquished difficulty this crew commemorated for then following trip. Another difficulty of these trips would be the illnesses as the diarrias with blood, the malaria, maleita or impaludismo that would be dealt with by the proper members of the crew through cataplasmas with the pulp to fruits and beberagens made with known medicinal grass the messengers. The overcoming of these difficulties was mainly related the search of the chestnut, cacao and rubber that would be vendida to the merchants and taken the Belm. The exploration of these products, that had one high commercial value stimulated the messengers if more to risk each time in waterfalls of the Tocantins, becoming plus a cross fincada in the edges to remember the unfortunate person who died in waterfalls. Figure 8: Opening of roads for the Tocantins railroad the navigation that was the media and the economic activity them marginal populations in ends it century XIX assists would earn it of the railroad Tocantins, projected to cross the encachoeirado stretch and I number to reduce it of dead of the navigation, facilitating the draining of the products of the region.
Andres Blacksmith, Juliana Meron, Priscila Alcantra, Simone Thomazini.graduandos in medicine veterinary medicine 7 period. INCIDENCE OF LIGHT IN the FARM the light represents one of on factors to the nature, responsible for the control of biorritmo of the birds. Thus, phenomena as migration time of reproduction and change of penalty consist factors related with the light presence. The manipulation in fotoperiodo, in position and cut birds is one of the most powerful tools of available handling to the producer avcula. (QUINTO LANA, GERALDO ROBERT. Poultry keeping 2ooo) the frequency of the ovulao is determined basically by two factors, genetic and the exposition of the birds the natural or artificial illumination. The genetic factors are intrinsic of each ancestry, already the illumination factors can be adjusted and be adapted to get the maximum of productivity of the lots.
The light has fort influences in the hormonal production of the reproductive agencies of the birds. The light penetrates in the ocular globe and stimulates hipfise to produce responsible hormones for the reproductive process (foliculoestimulante Hormone – FSH and Luteinizante Hormone – LH). (Padovan Adilson) the beginning of the position can in advance or be delayed; the position tax can be influenced and its modified interval; s quality of the rind can be improved; the size of the egg can be optimized; penalty and the alimentary efficiency can be maximized by the appropriate supply of a luminous regimen. However, an excellent project of fotoestimulao, for universal application, cannot be defined, because some parameters of production that are influenced by fotoperiodo, as so great of and I number of eggs, are correlated of negative form. The producer will have to choose the fotoperidico project that will go to optimize its profits. (QUINTO LANA, GERALDO ROBERT. Poultry keeping 2ooo.) The females need one fotoperiodo short in the phase of growth, followed of one fotoperiodo long in the reproduction phase.
Shortly I will give to meet my first results, accompanied of a significant sample of investigation at international level taking into account: culture, beliefs traditions, individual and social conduct, as well as other factors, variables that they allow me to delineate the profile of the healer and its national and international movement. The certain thing is, that who at the moment practice the quack medicine they are surrounded within a religious and/or spiritual frame as much in the past as in the present, we remember Edgard Cayce, Pasqualina Pezzola, E.G. Flicker, Luis Muzio, Christ and other saints, Antonio (Tony) Alpaca; Arig (Jose Freitas), Sai Dribble, Yamilet, etc, who attribute their powers to the guide of prestigious men directed by God. The interesting thing is before so antecedent asking itself What is what it really causes the one that the healer obtains a treatment, without having scientific knowledge? Really feel they some special or divine sensation? He is that one occurs to an energy unknown between the patient and the healer who is able to cure? Can the faith really entail to a state that allows that the treatment of? Can still be said that to the medicine this in diapers? , very many they could be the questions that can arise and that entail to us to find replaced convincing before such fact. Surprisingly, you’ll find very little mention of source on most websites. What if it is evident that the diseases in their great majority have been cured. At the moment, the parapsicolgico investigator, before the phenomenon of the quack medicine, is worth of the harvesting of cases and their own investigations, using the scientific techniques and tools that allow him to include/understand and to plan their results after convincing explanations to which it demands the materialistic time at which we struggled. For one better understanding of this, I will set out a case related to the miracles of Anaya, that the French Robert Toquet exposes in his book the even Gurison pense and that is very interesting it stops to complement the previous thing. .
Worried about this question, some educators are in search of optimum way to follow, contributing for one better development of the reading. According to research, the state schools present greater index in relation to the difficulty with reading, however, valley to stand out that it happens in all the institutions of independent education of the segment (public or particular). It is of utmost importance to deal with this situation, while educators, to have the conscience of that the difficulties presented in the reading are intensely on to the development of the abilities in the writing proceeding from alterations or errors of syntax, estruturao, organization of paragraphs, punctuation, as well as all the necessary elements for the composition of the text. The difficulty of reading and writing is .causing of conflicts and distresses in the individuals that suffer for having these difficulties. Therefore the majority of these pupils presents difficulties in reading correctly, with voice tune and hardly it knows and it respects the punctuation, the lack of habit for the reading, the lack of incentive on the part of the family. Pupils who present limitations to learn and need a medical accompaniment and adequate methods of education must be attended and able professors. Thus, if a pupil does not hear well, fatally will find more difficulties in learning of what its friends.
Pupils with emotional affective problems also to the times if feel inferiorizados and are tachados as sluggish, had to the disinterest in reading. These children demonstrate unreliability, inhibition and disinterest for the school, thus, autoestima diminishes and if it isolates and develops an aggressive behavior with the friends and professors also are soon taxed as violent. Of this form, the paper of the school is not more of mere transmission of information; today, it is demanded that it develops the capacity of the pupil to learn, what subentende the domain of the reading and the writing. The pupil, in the universe of the culture scholar, develops the ability to dialogue with the read texts, through the capacity to read in depth and to interpret significant texts for the formation of sensitivity, the culture and the citizenship. The school comes, therefore, consisting as privileged space for the learning and the development of the reading, therefore if of the o decisive meeting of the child in the act to read there. Therefore, the objective of the school is the integration of the pupil with the society and to facilitate its access to the world of the adult. The school has accounts to adjust with the society and the families, therefore the same one has attemped to prove its efficiency, making responsible the pupil for its failure and not assumeing its role as it would have. It lacks the adjustment enters the characteristics of the pupil and the considered method in classroom.
On new-acropolis.es him, he comments with respect the phenomenon of his sores, stigmatisations, that its body reproduced during last the 50 years of its life the sores of Christ in hand, feet and flank, hurt that throughout that time they were bleeding with clean a red blood and, at no infected moment. The duration of the stigmata of Po Father is more it releases of all the well-known ones. It began the 20 of September of 1918 and it only stopped, without leaving track, with its death, 50 years later, the 23 of September of 1968. It is not possible to be denied indicates the source, that we were before an exceptional fact. Has not been natural explanation to this phenomenon. They do not lack the skeptics who assure that the stigmata are product of the psychopathy, the addiction to the magic and the superstition, or simply a farce.
The Provincial one of the Order commanded to photograph hands, feet and flank and sent these documents to the Vatican, but in addition they made him be recognized by numerous specialists who put under to him deep medical examinations. The wounds were there, bleeding light and almost continuously. At More you will find additional information. Po Father used average dark wool gloves by day to hide his hands. The blood spots are not seen and it absorbs them to the wool. At night he uses gloves of white cotton that to the dawn are soaked in blood. Washes it them and prepares his cell.
The wound of the flank also bleeds of continuous. It takes one widens bandage coiled to the chest that renews two or three times to the day. The wounds of the feet are of the same characteristics that those of the hands. When low of the altar to take to the communion to the faithfuls his step he is uncertain, slow, vacillating, like delivering an attack of contained pain. After the event of the sores, its ordinary life continued externally as if nothing had happened. It goes to the choir, it eats in the refectory with the other monks, does length short while of oration and it takes care of confessions per hours and hours, with an own, charismatic, vertical style, to the point of being called the missionary outside series. The rest of the monks is admired of their endurance, afflicted as it were of so many pains, not only the bleeding sores, but also numerous diseases that the doctors of their time did not manage to cure. One says that, the gifts of the Italian priest were, according to their believers: Extraordinary discernment: capacity you bring back to consciousness to read them, gift that used frequently during the ministry of the sacrament of the Penance. Prophecy: it could announce events of the future, including the arrival to papado of Pablo I SAW and Juan Pablo II. Treatment: you cure miraculous by the power of the oration. Bilocacin: to be in two places at the same time. Perfume: the blood of their stigmata had fragrance of flowers. Tears: it included/understood the mysteries of the Rosary until the tears. Stigmata: it received the stigmata the 20 of September of 1918 and it took until his death 50 years later to them. The doctors who observed the stigmata of Po Father could not make heal their sores nor give explanation of them. They calculated that it lost a glass of daily blood, but their sores never became infected.
Its first appearance it was in the German language, in 1869, in an anonymous pamphlet, but, following the natural process of secularizao, from the century XIX, the before existing characteristic of ' ' sodomy, crime and pecado' ' imputed to the homossexualismo it was substituted by illness and pathology, that the homossexualidade established did not deserve punishment, but psychiatric treatment or, inside of the medical paradigm, cure From this century (XIX) the term then ' ' homossexualismo' ' it was tied the perversion, physical, but not only also moral, reason for which the adepts of the term ' ' homoerotismo' ' they had opted to the fenomenolgica boarding, distanciando of the term ' ' homossexualismo' ' , that then one met the preconceptions of all order entailed: sociocultural, legal and psychiatric. The sociocultural question is latent, the legal system, for finding that the homossexualismo characterizes the unlawful one and the psychiatric system for classifies it as an insanity In short, homoerotismo is one of the forms of sexual expression. For being about expression, therefore, of option, or will of the human being, they have had revisions of legal and scientific codes that classified the homossexualidade as abnormal, or then, as one form of insanity. Giving solution to this agreement, the American Association of Psychiatry removed the homossexualidade of the List of Classification of Mental Upheavals and Behavior, or (CID-10) International Classification of Illnesses (Mental) CID 302,0, in 1973. It is emphasized, under protests the case of the Good Creole, romance of Adolph Walks, that it caused one I occasion simply of indignation, that was not reverberated in critical shouts or, but in silence, because this appeared as the disruption of a secret hidden under vestments of the white uniforms of the navy of the Brazilian, or better, under the moral, the good customs and the masculinidade of the men of the Armed Forces, of a general form.
How many they are suffering, in the mind and the heart, perhaps even though in the body, only because they do not pardon its ofensores? It is possible that the pain of the anger, or resentment that stays felt, consuming is you as a cancer or as acid a corrosive one! The order of God is clearly and explicit: ' ' You land on water your next one (it offended what you? your debtor) as you mesmo' ' (Mc.12: 31). The only way to enjoy the pardon of God, and to be cured interior, is liberating pardon to our debtors (EF.4: 32). It tries the medicine of the pardon! When I had 11 years I passed for amargosa and traumatizante experience with my father. At that time I already was involved with drugs, influenced for ' ' amigos' '. Certain day, I took tea of pampla to be able to have one ' ' new experience alucingena' '. Then I arrived in house making some things it are of the normal one and saying thing with thing. My father, very irado with the situation, gave one to me steps on of those to pull out the choir. In the following day, it he called me for an expensive colloquy the face, and crying out he said: ' ' You are wild! How drug you ingested yesterday! Who you think that you are? ' ' Ahead of this nothing conventional familiar colloquy, it caught a machete and aps in my belly saying: ' ' I do not know because I do not thread it this knife! ' '.
These words had penetrated in my heart as a sharp sword. Worse that a machete blow is to hear of the lips of the proper father a death threat. In that day in ahead carreguei these painful words in my subconscious mind, I passed years imprisoned to a feeling of hurt against my ancestor.
However, Thorndike left to study animals and started to study the learning human being; whereas others studied the learning human being, however based in animal behaviors. In accordance with Catania (1999), the nature of then can say that it had learning. According to Oliveira (2002), ‘ ‘ basic in more complex psychological processes. This transformation in accordance with occurs the interaction with the social environment and it use of tools and symbols culturally determinados’ ‘. Products of the Learning Are the three types of learning: the cognitiva, affective and the motor. The cognitiva learning is resultant of the organized storage of the information in the mind of the human being and is known as cognitiva structure. The affective one results of internal signals to the citizen and can be identified with experiences such as pleasure and pain, satisfaction and dissatisfaction, joy or anxiety. Some affective experiences always follow the cognitivas experiences.
The affective learning is perceived as soon as occurs simultaneously with the cognitiva. The psicomotora involves acquired muscular answers through trainings and practical, but some cognitiva learning is generally important in the acquisition of psicomotoras abilities. Therefore, cognitivos products; formation of concepts and principles. Affective products; the formation of attitudes and values. Motor products; the acquisition of habits and abilities. Consideraes Final: On the basis of this study it can be perceived that throughout the history of the humanity the learning in its diverse forms has been basic to the development of the society.
One knows that, in what says respect to the schools, he has pupils that they have learning difficulties, however, based in studies, the professionals of the education have adopted methods that they aim at to facilitate the cognitivo, affective and psicomotor development of the pupils, objectifying to form citizens able and cliente of the great necessity to be if bringing up to date and learning each time more. It is important to stand out that such subject is very ample and must be analyzed minutely, however, consists as being a norteador for future research.
The complexity of the collective feminine figure in this narrative seems to show what it exists of better in the human being: goodness, sensitivity, conscience of itself and the respect to the next one. This woman possesss intent and clean eyes for the spectacle of the world, arriving if to be similar a child or to a poet who has the sensitivity of sees for the first time, what of so visa, nobody sees, and, thus, if it presents as symbol of all the hopes and valley to stand out that, also symbolizes the feminine element that exists in each being, independent of its sex. The feminine voice appears of the woman medicates of it. It is the force that of the movement the narrative. This cited force is happened of the vision, and also of the circumstance that detaches and it becomes it leader of its group, as if it can observe in the ticket: …
you are not blind, you said rapariga of dark eyeglasses, therefore it has been the one that orders and organizes, not control, I organize what I can, I am, solely, the eyes that vocs had left to have, a species of natural head, a king with eyes in a land of blind people, …, if thus it is, then it leaves to guide me for my eyes … (SARAMAGO, 1995, p.255). In the trajectory of the main personage, if it observes the facts most uncertain, as: ahead of the collective blindness, it is led to changed itself of a simple owner of the leader marries, therefore, she places the welfare of the group above of its individual interests at the same time the fight for the proper survival. The awaken tragedy in it an unrecognizable interior force, makes that it to become the proclamadora voice of the resistance against some forms of oppression installed in the confinement of the blind people.