Vulnerability, risk and resilient communities generate adverse events not only lives and damage to productive assets of a community, but face the victims, with losses, with a symbolic value , historical and social. Reduce the occurrence of disasters and the severity of its consequences, it also means facing the socio-cultural constraints with development problems that deepen the threats, vulnerabilities and disasters trigger. That is, vulnerability and risk exposure to these situations greatly affect human factors. The predisposition to the assignment (vulnerability) and resilience (resilience) play a key role in risk management actions. Factors resilient communities relate to the skills that they have to confront, overcome, and become stronger through despite potentially traumatic experiences, such as emergencies and disasters.
COMMUNICATION FOR THE PROTECTION OF MENTAL HEALTH IN DISASTER The production of information seriously and responsibly, is an issue of great importance to all sectors of the community, and a great challenge for the institutions involved in the response and disaster management. The existence of multiple victims, wounded and dead, quickly becomes public knowledge, and a great community need to receive information. It is undeniable that these events generate a high degree of political and social sensitivity, the magnitude of their consequences and the subsequent search for perpetrators. A proper information management can help minimize the consequences of the events and helping the community in restoring damaged everyday life. The institutions responsible for the response, should take over the need and right of the community to be informed and thus must take the initiative in providing official information, accurate, checked and updated.